opus体育

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中共中央 国务院关于构建更加完善的要素市场化配置体制机制的意见
发布日期: 2020.04.09    |   发布处: 新华社

opus体育 wanshanyaosushichanghuapeizhishiopustiyutongyikaifang、jingzhengyouxushichangtixideneizaiyaoqiu,shijianchihewanshanshehuizhuyijibenjingjizhidu、jiakuaiwanshanshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhidezhongyaoneirong。weishenhuayaosushichanghuapeizhigaige,cujinyaosuzizhuyouxuliudong,tigaoyaosupeizhixiaolv,jinyibujifaquanshehuichuangzaoliheshichanghuoli,tuidongjingjifazhanzhiliangbiange、xiaolvbiange、donglibiange,xianjiugoujiangengjiawanshandeyaosushichanghuapeizhitizhijizhitichuruxiayijian。

一、总体要求

(yi)zhidaosixiang。yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdeshijiudaheshijiujieerzhong、sanzhong、sizhongquanhuijingshen,jianchiwenzhongqiujingongzuozongjidiao,jianchiyigongjicejiegouxinggaigeweizhuxian,jianchixinfazhanlinian,jianchishenhuashichanghuagaige、kuodagaoshuipingkaifang,pochuzuaiyaosuziyouliudongdetizhijizhizhangai,kuodayaosushichanghuapeizhifanwei,jianquanyaosushichangtixi,tuijinyaosushichangzhiduopustiyu,shixianyaosujiageshichangjueding、liudongzizhuyouxu、peizhigaoxiaogongping,weiopustiyugaobiaozhunshichangtixi、tuidonggaozhiliangfazhan、opustiyuxiandaihuajingjitixidaxiajianshizhidujichu。

(er)jibenyuanze。yishishichangjueding,youxuliudong。chongfenfahuishichangpeizhiziyuandejuedingxingzuoyong,changtongyaosuliudongqudao,baozhangbutongshichangzhutipingdenghuoqushengchanyaosu,tuidongyaosupeizhiyijushichangguize、shichangjiage、shichangjingzhengshixianxiaoyizuidahuahexiaolvzuiyouhua。ershijianquanzhidu,chuangxinjianguan。genghaofahuizhengfuzuoyong,jianquanyaosushichangyunxingjizhi,wanshanzhengfudiaojieyujianguan,zuodaofanghuoyuguanhaoyoujijiehe,tishengjianguanheopustiyunengli,yindaogeleiyaosuxietongxiangxianjinshengchanlijiju。sanshiwentidaoxiang,fenleishice。zhenduishichangjuedingyaosupeizhifanweiyouxian、yaosuliudongcunzaitizhijizhizhangaidengwenti,genjubutongyaosushuxing、shichanghuachengduchayihejingjishehuifazhanxuyao,fenleiwanshanyaosushichanghuapeizhitizhijizhi。sishiwenzhongqiujin,xunxujianjin。jianchianquankekong,congshijichufa,zunzhongkeguanguilv,peiyufazhanxinxingyaosuxingtai,zhubutigaoyaosuzhiliang,yindizhiyiwenbutuijinyaosushichanghuapeizhigaige。

二、推进土地要素市场化配置

(san)jianlijianquanchengxiangtongyideopustiyuyongdishichang。jiakuaixiugaiwanshantudiguanlifashishitiaoli,wanshanxiangguanpeitaozhidu,zhidingchutainongcunjitijingyingxingopustiyuyongdirushizhidaoyijian。quanmiantuikainongcuntudizhengshouzhidugaige,kuodaguoyoutudiyouchangshiyongfanwei。jianligongpinghelidejitijingyingxingopustiyuyongdirushizengzhishouyifenpeizhidu。jianligonggongliyizhengdidexiangguanzhiduguiding。

opus体育 (si)shenhuachanyeyongdishichanghuapeizhigaige。jianquanzhangqizulin、xianzuhourang、danxingnianqigongying、zuojiachuzi(rugu)denggongyeyongdishichanggongyingtixi。zaifuheguotukongjianguihuaheyongtuguanzhiyaoqiuqiantixia,diaozhengwanshanchanyeyongdizhengce,chuangxinshiyongfangshi,tuidongbutongchanyeyongdileixinghelizhuanhuan,tansuozengjiahunhechanyeyongdigongji。

opus体育 (wu)gulipanhuocunliangopustiyuyongdi。chongfenyunyongshichangjizhipanhuocunliangtudihedixiaoyongdi,yanjiuwanshancujinpanhuocunliangopustiyuyongdideshuifeizhidu。yiduozhongfangshituijinguoyouqiyecunliangyongdipanhuoliyong。shenhuanongcunzhaijidizhidugaigeshidian,shenrutuijinopustiyuyongdizhengli,wanshanchengxiangopustiyuyongdizengjianguagouzhengce,weixiangcunzhenxinghechengxiangronghefazhantigongtudiyaosubaozhang。

(liu)wanshantudiguanlitizhi。wanshantudiliyongjihuaguanli,shishinianduopustiyuyongdizongliangdiaokongzhidu,zengqiangtudiguanlilinghuoxing,tuidongtudijihuazhibiaogengjiahelihua,chengxiangopustiyuyongdizhibiaoshiyongyinggengduoyoushengjizhengfufuze。zaiguotukongjianguihuabianzhi、nongcunfangdiyitibudongchandengjijibenwanchengdeqiantixia,jianlijianquanchengxiangopustiyuyongdigongyingsanniangundongjihua。tansuojianliquanguoxingdeopustiyuyongdi、buchonggengdizhibiaokuaquyujiaoyijizhi。jiaqiangtudigongyingliyongtongjijiance。shishichengxiangtuditongyidiaocha、tongyiguihua、tongyizhengzhi、tongyidengji。tuidongzhidingbudongchandengjifa。

三、引导劳动力要素合理畅通有序流动

opus体育 (qi)shenhuahujizhidugaige。tuidongchaoda、tedachengshidiaozhengwanshanjifenluohuzhengce,tansuotuidongzaizhangsanjiao、zhusanjiaodengchengshiqunlvxianshixianhujizhunrunianxiantongchenghualeijihuren。fangkaifangkuanchugebiechaodachengshiwaidechengshiluohuxianzhi,shixingyijingchangjuzhudidengjihukouzhidu。jianlichengzhenjiaoyu、jiuyechuangye、yiliaoweishengdengjibengonggongopustiyuyuchangzhurenkouguagoujizhi,tuidonggonggongziyuananchangzhurenkouguimopeizhi。

opus体育 (ba)changtonglaodongliherencaishehuixingliudongqudao。jianquantongyiguifanderenliziyuanshichangtixi,jiakuaijianlixiediaoxianjiedelaodongli、rencailiudongzhengcetixiheopustiyuhezuojizhi。yingzaogongpingjiuyehuanjing,yifajiuzhengshenfen、xingbiedengjiuyeqishixianxiang,baozhangchengxianglaodongzhexiangyoupingdengjiuyequanli。jinyibuchangtongqiye、shehuizuzhirenyuanjinrudangzhengjiguan、guoyouqishiyedanweiqudao。youhuaguoyouqishiyedanweimianxiangshehuixuanrenyongrenjizhi,shenrutuixingguoyouqiyefenjifenleigongkaizhaopin。jiaqiangjiuyeyuanzhu,shishiyouxianfuchihezhongdianbangzhu。wanshanrenshidanganguanliopustiyu,jiakuaitishengrenshidanganxinxihuashuiping。

opus体育 (jiu)wanshanjishujinengpingjiazhidu。chuangxinpingjiabiaozhun,yizhiyenengliweihexinzhidingzhiyebiaozhun,jinyibudapohuji、diyu、shenfen、dangan、renshiguanxidengzhiyue,changtongfeigongyouzhijingjizuzhi、shehuizuzhi、ziyouzhiyezhuanyejishurenyuanzhichengshenbaoqudao。jiakuaijianlilaodongzhezhongshenzhiyejinengpeixunzhidu。tuijinshehuihuazhichengpingshen。wanshanjishugongrenpingjiaxuanbazhidu。tansuoshixianzhiyejinengdengjizhengshuhexuelizhengshuhutongxianjie。jiaqianggonggongweishengduiwuopustiyu,jianquanzhiyerenyuanpeiyang、zhunru、shiyong、daiyubaozhang、kaohepingjiahejilijizhi。

opus体育 (shi)jiadarencaiyinjinlidu。changtonghaiwaikexuejialaihuagongzuotongdao。zaizhiyezigerendingrenke、zinvjiaoyu、shangyeyiliaobaoxianyijizaizhongguojingneitingliu、juliudengfangmian,weiwaijigaocengcirencailaihuachuangxinchuangyetigongbianli。

四、推进资本要素市场化配置

opus体育 (shiyi)wanshangupiaoshichangjichuzhidu。zhidingchutaiwanshangupiaoshichangjichuzhidudeyijian。jianchishichanghua、fazhihuagaigefangxiang,gaigewanshangupiaoshichangfaxing、jiaoyi、tuishidengzhidu。guliheyindaoshangshigongsixianjinfenhong。wanshantouzizhebaohuzhidu,tuidongwanshanjuyouzhongguotesedezhengquanminshisusongzhidu。wanshanzhuban、kechuangban、zhongxiaoqiyeban、chuangyebanhequanguozhongxiaoqiyegufenzhuanrangxitong(xinsanban)shichangopustiyu。

opus体育 (shier)jiakuaifazhanzhaiquanshichang。wenbukuodazhaiquanshichangguimo,fengfuzhaiquanshichangpinzhong,tuijinzhaiquanshichanghulianhutong。tongyigongsixinyongleizhaiquanxinxipilubiaozhun,wanshanzhaiquanweiyuechuzhijizhi。tansuoduigongsixinyongleizhaiquanshixingfaxingzhuceguanlizhi。jiaqiangzhaiquanshichangpingjijigoutongyizhunruguanli,guifanxinyongpingjixingyefazhan。

opus体育 (shisan)zengjiayouxiaojinrongopustiyugongji。jianquanduocengcizibenshichangtixi。goujianduocengci、guangfugai、youchayi、dazhongxiaohelifengongdeyinxingjigoutixi,youhuajinrongziyuanpeizhi,fangkuanjinrongopustiyuyeshichangzhunru,tuidongxinyongxinxishendukaifaliyong,zengjiaopustiyuxiaoweiqiyeheminyingqiyedejinrongopustiyugongji。jianlixianyuyinxingyejinrongjigouopustiyu“sannong”dejiliyueshujizhi。tuijinlvsejinrongchuangxin。wanshanjinrongjigoushichanghuafazhihuatuichujizhi。

(shisi)zhudongyouxukuodajinrongyeduiwaikaifang。wenbutuijinrenminbiguojihuaherenminbizibenxiangmukeduihuan。zhubutuijinzhengquan、jijinxingyeduineiduiwaishuangxiangkaifang,youxutuijinqihuoshichangduiwaikaifang。zhubufangkuanwaizijinrongjigouzhunrutiaojian,tuijinjingneijinrongjigoucanyuguojijinrongshichangjiaoyi。

五、加快发展技术要素市场

(shiwu)jianquanzhiwukejichengguochanquanzhidu。shenhuakejichengguoshiyongquan、chuzhiquanheshouyiquangaige,kaizhanfuyukeyanrenyuanzhiwukejichengguosuoyouquanhuozhangqishiyongquanshidian。qianghuazhishichanquanbaohuheyunyong,zhichizhongdajishuzhuangbei、zhongdianxincailiaodenglingyudezizhuzhishichanquanshichanghuayunying。

(shiliu)wanshankejichuangxinziyuanpeizhifangshi。gaigekeyanxiangmulixianghezuzhishishifangshi,jianchimubiaoyinling,qianghuachengguodaoxiang,jianlijianquanduoyuanhuazhichijizhi。wanshanzhuanyejigouguanlixiangmujizhi。jiaqiangkejichengguozhuanhuazhongshijidiopustiyu。zhichiyoutiaojiandeqiyechengdanguojiazhongdakejixiangmu。jianlishichanghuashehuihuadekeyanchengguopingjiazhidu,xiudingjishuhetongrendingguizejikejichengguodengjiguanlibanfa。jianlijianquankejichengguochangtaihualuyanhekejichuangxinzixunzhidu。

(shiqi)peiyufazhanjishuzhuanyijigouhejishujingliren。jiaqiangguojiajishuzhuanyiquyuzhongxinopustiyu。zhichikejiqiyeyugaoxiao、keyanjigouhezuojianlijishuyanfazhongxin、chanyeyanjiuyuan、zhongshijididengxinxingyanfajigou。jijituijinkeyanyuansuofenleigaige,jiakuaituijinyingyongjishuleikeyanyuansuoshichanghua、qiyehuafazhan。zhichigaoxiao、keyanjigouhekejiqiyeshelijishuzhuanyibumen。jianliguojiajishuzhuanyirencaipeiyangtixi,tigaojishuzhuanyizhuanyeopustiyunengli。

(shiba)cujinjishuyaosuyuzibenyaosuronghefazhan。jijitansuotongguotianshitouzi、chuangyetouzi、zhishichanquanzhengquanhua、kejibaoxiandengfangshituidongkejichengguozibenhua。gulishangyeyinxingcaiyongzhishichanquanzhiya、yuqishouyizhiyadengrongzifangshi,weicujinjishuzhuanyizhuanhuatigonggengduojinrongchanpinopustiyu。

opus体育 (shijiu)zhichiguojikejichuangxinhezuo。shenhuajichuyanjiuguojihezuo,zuzhishishiguojikejichuangxinhezuozhongdianzhuanxiang,tansuoguojikejichuangxinhezuoxinmoshi,kuodakejilingyuduiwaikaifang。jiadakangbingduyaowujiyimiaoyanfaguojihezuolidu。kaizhanchuangxinyaosukuajingbianliliudongshidian,fazhanlianchuangxinchuangye,tansuotuidongwaijikexuejialingxianchengdanzhengfuzhichikejixiangmu。fazhanjishumaoyi,cujinjishujinkoulaiyuanduoyuanhua,kuodajishuchukou。

六、加快培育数据要素市场

(ershi)tuijinzhengfushujukaifanggongxiang。youhuajingjizhilijichushujuku,jiakuaituidonggediqugebumenjianshujugongxiangjiaohuan,zhidingchutaixinyipishujugongxiangzerenqingdan。yanjiujianlicujinqiyedengji、jiaotongyunshu、qixiangdenggonggongshujukaifangheshujuziyuanyouxiaoliudongdezhiduguifan。

(ershiyi)tishengshehuishujuziyuanjiazhi。peiyushuzijingjixinchanye、xinyetaihexinmoshi,zhichigoujiannongye、gongye、jiaotong、jiaoyu、anfang、chengshiguanli、gonggongziyuanjiaoyidenglingyuguifanhuashujukaifaliyongdechangjing。fahuixingyexiehuishanghuizuoyong,tuidongrengongzhineng、kechuandaishebei、chelianwang、wulianwangdenglingyushujucaijibiaozhunhua。

opus体育 (ershier)jiaqiangshujuziyuanzhengheheanquanbaohu。tansuojianlitongyiguifandeshujuguanlizhidu,tigaoshujuzhiliangheguifanxing,fengfushujuchanpin。yanjiugenjushujuxingzhiwanshanchanquanxingzhi。zhidingshujuyinsibaohuzhiduheanquanshenchazhidu。tuidongwanshanshiyongyudashujuhuanjingxiadeshujufenleifenjianquanbaohuzhidu,jiaqiangduiopustiyushuju、qiyeshangyemimihegerenshujudebaohu。

七、加快要素价格市场化改革

opus体育 (ershisan)wanshanzhuyaoyoushichangjuedingyaosujiagejizhi。wanshanchengxiangjizhundijia、biaodingdijiadezhidingyufabuzhidu,zhubuxingchengyushichangjiageguagoudongtaidiaozhengjizhi。jianquanzuidigongzibiaozhundiaozheng、gongzijitixieshangheqiyexinchoudiaochazhidu。shenhuaguoyouqiyegongzijuedingjizhigaige,wanshanshiyedanweigangweijixiaogongzizhidu。jianligongwuyuanheqiyexiangdangrenyuangongzishuipingdiaochabijiaozhidu,luoshibingwanshangongzizhengchangdiaozhengjizhi。wentuotuijincundaikuanjizhunlilvyushichanglilvbinggui,tigaozhaiquanshichangdingjiaxiaolv,jianquanfanyingshichanggongqiuguanxideguozhaishouyilvquxian,genghaofahuiguozhaishouyilvquxiandingjiajizhunzuoyong。zengqiangrenminbihuilvdanxing,baochirenminbihuilvzaihelijunhengshuipingshangdejibenwending。

(ershisi)jiaqiangyaosujiageguanlihejiandu。yindaoshichangzhutiyifahelixingshiyaosudingjiazizhuquan,tuidongzhengfudingjiajizhiyouzhidingjutijiageshuipingxiangzhidingdingjiaguizezhuanbian。goujianyaosujiagegongshihedongtaijianceyujingtixi,zhubujianliyaosujiagediaochahexinxifabuzhidu。wanshanyaosushichangjiageyichangbodongdiaojiejizhi。jiaqiangyaosulingyujiagefanlongduangongzuo,weihuyaosushichangjiagezhixu。

opus体育 (ershiwu)jianquanshengchanyaosuyoushichangpingjiagongxian、angongxianjuedingbaochoudejizhi。zhezhongbaohulaodongsuode,zengjialaodongzhetebieshiyixianlaodongzhelaodongbaochou,tigaolaodongbaochouzaichucifenpeizhongdebizhong。quanmianguancheluoshiyizengjiazhishijiazhiweidaoxiangdeshourufenpeizhengce,chongfenzunzhongkeyan、jishu、guanlirencai,chongfentixianjishu、zhishi、guanli、shujudengyaosudejiazhi。

八、健全要素市场运行机制

opus体育 (ershiliu)jianquanyaosushichanghuajiaoyipingtai。tuozhangonggongziyuanjiaoyipingtaigongneng。jianquankejichengguojiaoyipingtai,wanshanjishuchengguozhuanhuagongkaijiaoyiyujianguantixi。yindaopeiyudashujujiaoyishichang,yifaheguikaizhanshujujiaoyi。zhichigeleisuoyouzhiqiyecanyuyaosujiaoyipingtaiopustiyu,guifanyaosujiaoyipingtaizhili,jianquanyaosujiaoyixinxipiluzhidu。

(ershiqi)wanshanyaosujiaoyiguizeheopustiyu。yanjiuzhidingtudi、jishushichangjiaoyiguanlizhidu。jianlijianquanshujuchanquanjiaoyihexingyezilvjizhi。tuijinquanliuchengdianzihuajiaoyi。tuijinshiwuzichanzhengquanhua。guliyaosujiaoyipingtaiyugeleijinrongjigou、zhongjiejigouhezuo,xingchenghangaichanquanjieding、jiagepinggu、liuzhuanjiaoyi、danbao、baoxiandengyewudezongheopustiyutixi。

opus体育 (ershiba)tishengyaosujiaoyijianguanshuiping。dapodifangbaohu,jiaqiangfanlongduanhefanbuzhengdangjingzhengzhifa,guifanjiaoyixingwei,jianquantousujubaochachujizhi,fangzhifashengsunhaiguojiaanquanjigonggongliyidexingwei。jiaqiangxinyongtixiopustiyu,wanshanshixinxingweirending、shixinlianhechengjie、xinyongxiufudengjizhi。jianquanjiaoyifengxianfangfanchuzhijizhi。

opus体育 (ershijiu)zengqiangyaosuyingjipeizhinengli。bayaosudeyingjiguanlihepeizhizuoweiguojiayingjiguanlitixiopustiyudezhongyaoneirong,shiyingyingjiwuzishengchandiaopeiheyingjiguanlixuyao,jianliduixiangguanshengchanyaosudejinjidiaobo、caigoudengzhidu,tigaoyingjizhuangtaixiadeyaosugaoxiaoxietongpeizhinengli。guliyunyongdashuju、rengongzhineng、yunjisuandengshuzijishu,zaiyingjiguanli、yiqingfangkong、ziyuandiaopei、shehuiguanlidengfangmiangenghaofahuizuoyong。

九、组织保障

opus体育 (sanshi)jiaqiangzuzhilingdao。gediqugebumenyaochongfenrenshiwanshanyaosushichanghuapeizhidezhongyaoxing,qieshibasixianghexingdongtongyidaodangzhongyang、guowuyuanjuecebushushanglai,mingquezhizefengong,wanshangongzuojizhi,luoshigongzuozeren,yanjiuzhidingchutaipeitaozhengcecuoshi,quebaobenyijianquedingdegexiangzhongdianrenwuluodaoshichu。

(sanshiyi)yingzaolianghaogaigehuanjing。shenhua“fangguanfu”gaige,qianghuajingzhengzhengcejichudiwei,dapoxingzhengxinglongduan、fangzhishichanglongduan,qinglifeichufangaitongyishichanghegongpingjingzhengdegezhongguidinghezuofa,jinyibujianshaozhengfuduiyaosudezhijiepeizhi。shenhuaguoyouqiyeheguoyoujinrongjigougaige,wanshanfarenzhilijiegou,quebaogeleisuoyouzhiqiyepingdenghuoquyaosu。

(sanshier)tuidonggaigewenbushishi。zaiweihuquanguotongyidashichangdeqiantixia,kaizhanyaosushichanghuapeizhigaigeshidianshifan。jishizongjiejingyan,renzhenyanjiugaigezhongchuxiandexinqingkuangxinwenti,duibufuheyaosushichanghuapeizhigaigedexiangguanfalvfagui,yaoanchengxuzhuajintuidongdiaozhengwanshan。

作者:
 
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